A stronger Hainan economy is good news for Hong Kong and Macau. Archived from the original on 8 November More on this story. Commission Against Corruption Macau. Archived from the original on 2 January But it's good enough, considering none can match its views. MTR chaos, roads choked by debris as typhoon recovery begins.
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The gambling sector, being a fundamental economic activity for Macau, is subject to a very developed regulation, thus having a good and developed right of the game. There is no death penalty or life imprisonment in Macau, as they are not covered by the Macau Criminal Code.
Under Portuguese rule, Macau often served as an expeditionary base to Japan and other regions of East Asia from the 16th century onwards, while maintaining a strong garrison mainly to repel Dutch and mainland Chinese attacks.
However, since the allied British settled Hong Kong, the need for a strong military presence in Macau dimmed and it became limited before ceasing in However, despite having no Portuguese garrison left on the territory, a small security force managed by the local PSP was kept, which proved useful with the escalating triad warfare tensions towards the last decades of Portuguese administration.
Also the Capitania dos Portos kept operating a coast guard and the Portuguese airforce kept airfields active until the opening of Macau International Airport in the mids. In , upon handover to the PRC, a substantial garrison of the People's Liberation Army was established in the city helping deliver the last blow to the violence perpetrated by the triads, who were weakened by police action and arrests prior to the handover. The garrison remains, with a large portion of the forces stationed in neighbouring Zhuhai as well.
Except diplomatic relations and defence, nonetheless, Macau has retained considerable autonomy in all aspects, including economic and commercial relations, customs control. According to Chapter VII of Macau's basic law , Macau may, on its own, using the name Macau, China or Macao, China , maintain and develop relations and conclude and implement agreements with foreign states and regions and relevant international organisations in the appropriate fields, including the economic, trade, financial and monetary, shipping, communications, tourism, cultural, science and technology, and sports fields.
In addition, Macau can participate in international organizations and conferences not limited to states. Macau is divided into 8 parishes. View of Taipa from Science Center.
Macau Peninsula was originally an island, but a connecting sandbar gradually turned into a narrow isthmus. Land reclamation in the 17th century transformed Macau into a peninsula with generally flat terrain, though numerous steep hills still mark the original land mass. The average annual temperature of Macau is The coolest month is January, with a mean temperature of However, winter is mostly dry due to the influence of the vast Siberian High affecting much of East Asia.
Autumn in Macau, from October to November, is sunny and still pleasantly warm with lower humidity. Humidity starts to increase from late March. The hot weather is often followed by heavy rain, thunderstorms and occasional typhoons. Macau's economy is based largely on tourism. Other chief economic activities in Macau are export-geared textile and garment manufacturing, banking and other financial services.
Macau is a founding member of the WTO and has maintained sound economic and trade relations with more than countries and regions, with European Union and Portuguese-speaking countries in particular; Macau is also a member of the IMF. After the Handover , China eased travel restrictions and visits from the mainland rose rapidly. Together with the liberalization of Macau's gambling industry in , which induced significant investment inflows, the average growth rate of the economy between and was approximately In a World Tourism Organization report of international tourism for , Macau ranked 21st in the number of tourists and 24th in terms of tourism receipts.
The monopoly ended in and several casino owners from Las Vegas attempted to enter the market. With the opening of the Sands Macao ,  in and Wynn Macau in ,  gambling revenues from Macau's casinos grew considerably prosperous. Reasons for this fall of revenue are related to the slowdown that the Chinese economy is having and a corruption crackdown by Chinese officials which has constrained lavish spending.
Today, there are 16 casinos operated by the STDM, and they are still crucial in the casino industry in Macau, but in , the opening of the Sands Macao ushered in the new era. The amount of performances performed in Macau has also shown an increasing trend since the early s, including the show House of Dancing Water ,  concerts, industry trade shows and international art crossovers.
Macau is an offshore financial centre , a tax haven , and a free port with no foreign exchange control regimes. The rating agency also upgraded Macau's foreign currency bank deposit ceiling to 'Aa3' from 'A1'.
As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law , the government follows the principle of keeping expenditure within the limits of revenues in drawing up its budget, and strives to achieve a fiscal balance , avoid deficits and keep the budget commensurate with the growth rate of its gross domestic product.
All financial revenue of the Macau Special Administrative Region shall be managed and controlled by the region itself and shall not be handed over to the Central People's Government. In , the pataca was introduced in both Macau and Portuguese Timor as a unit of account for the Mexican dollar and the other silver dollar coins in circulation.
However, the pataca was not the official currency when it was first enacted. From to , fractional coins of the pataca were minted for issue in Portuguese Timor; and, in , similar issues were minted for Macau including an actual pataca coin for the first time. Macau is the most densely populated region in the world,  with a population density of 21, The growth of population in Macau mainly relies on immigrants from mainland China and the influx of overseas workers since its birth rate is one of the lowest in the world.
Macau's official languages are Chinese Cantonese and Portuguese. Since Macau has an economy driven by tourism, Some also claim that the problem of illegal labour is severe.
Macau's Gini coefficient , a popular measure of income inequality where a low value indicates a more equal income distribution, rose from 0. It is higher than those of neighbouring regions, such as mainland China 0. Macau residents are endowed with considerable religious tolerance and freedom.
Most Chinese in Macau are profoundly influenced by their own tradition and culture. While most are not religiously affiliated, many take part in Chinese folk religion Taoism and Confucianism.
A fifteen-year free education is currently being offered to residents, that includes a three-year kindergarten, followed by a six-year primary education and a six-year secondary education. The literacy rate of the territory is Macau does not have its own region-wide education system; non-tertiary schools follow either the British, the Chinese, Portuguese, or the Canadian education system.
There are currently 10 tertiary educational institutions in the region, four of them being public. According to the by-census, among the resident population aged 14 and above, only As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law Chapter VI Article , the Government of Macau shall, on its own, formulate policies on education, including policies regarding the educational system and its administration, the language of instruction, the allocation of funds, the examination system, the recognition of educational qualifications, and the system of academic awards so as to promote educational development.
The government shall also in accordance with law, gradually institute a compulsory education system. Community organizations and individuals may, in accordance with law, run educational undertakings of various kinds. Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S. In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents. Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.
There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere. The Macau Corps of Firefighters Portuguese: The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.
The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.
It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences. As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.
In Macau, traffic drives on the left , unlike in either mainland China or Portugal, but like neighbouring Hong Kong. Buses and taxis are the major modes of public transport in Macau.
Macau has two public bus operators: Transmac and Transportes Coletivos de Macau, which operate routes covering most of the city, making it the best public transport for traveling inside Macau and its islands. Free Casino Shuttle Buses are everywhere in Macau. Due to tourism being the main economic industry in Macau a majority of the larger hotels provide free round trip shuttle bus services which cover the major tourist sites including the airport, Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal and other sites.
The frequency for each route is usually 15 minutes. The taxi system is noted for having a notoriously poor reputation among tourists and even locals. Common complaints include "constant overcharging, refusal of passengers when the destination or passenger type does not suit the driver, circuitous routes and even violent behaviour".
It is planned to open in Macau has one active international airport, known as Macau International Airport located at the eastern end of Taipa and neighbouring waters. The airport used to serve as one of the main transit hubs for passengers travelling between mainland China and Taiwan , but now with the introduction of direct flights between those two regions, passenger traffic in this regard has lessened. In , the airport handled about 5 million passengers. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.
The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November,  when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix. The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February.
All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December. Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area. Local cooking in Macau consists of a blend of Cantonese and Portuguese cuisines. Many unique dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European dishes.
Pork chop bun , ginger milk and Portuguese-style egg tart are also very popular in Macau. In general, football soccer has the greatest popularity in Macau, which has a representative international side, Macau national football team.
Another common sport is rink hockey , which is often practised by the Portuguese. Macau also has a basketball team , which qualified for the Asian Basketball Championship twice.
The automobile racing event Macau Grand Prix is arguably the most important international sporting event in Macau, mainly with Formula 3 , motorcycle road racing and touring car races. The racecourse has a 15, seater grandstand.
Macau is twinned with: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Special Administrative Region of China. For other uses of "Macau" or "Macao", see Macau disambiguation. Chinese a Portuguese b. Traditional Chinese b Portuguese orthography. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Legal system of Macau. People's Liberation Army Macau Garrison. Foreign relations of Macau.
View of the old city in Macau with tenement housing in the foreground. Economy of Macau and Gambling in Macau. Sands Casino , Macau. Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Macau. Demographics of Macau and Macau people.
List of hospitals in Macau. Macau Security Force and Macao Garrison. Public Security Police Force of Macau. Corpo de Bombeiros de Macau. Commission Against Corruption Macau. Clockwise from top right: Paul's ; Casino Lisboa ; St. Na Tcha Temple , Macau. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Macau portal China portal Asia portal Geography portal. Retrieved 15 September — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January Statistics and Census Service. Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original on 12 September The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 30 July The world's gambling capital". Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 8 September An examination of early Portuguese and Western archival materials.
Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 2 January Dictionary of dates, and universal reference. China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the "Lusiad. The Chinese were obliged to restrict the commerce of Portugal to the port of Macau, in A partnership was then formed with some Chinese dealers in Canton, who were to furnish exports and take delivery of imports at Macau.
This scheme did not suit the Chinese; they were dissatisfied with their partners, and speedily dissolved the connection. The Survival of Empire: Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas. The Portuguese population of Macau was never very large. Macau History and Society illustrated ed. Hong Kong University Press. This is a time when there were most African slaves, about In comparison there were about to during the later Portuguese rule in Macau.
Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 6 January Slavery and South Asian history illustrated ed. Portuguese,"he concluded;"The Portuguese beat us off from Macau with their slaves. A miscellaneous assemblage of Portuguese soldiers, citizens, African slaves, friars, and Jesuits managed to withstand the attack.
On June 24, , a Dutch fleet under Captain Kornelis Reyerszoon assembled a landing force of some armed sailors, a number thought more than sufficient to overpower Macau's relatively weak garrison. Macau's future as a Dutch colony seemed all but assured, since the city's Volume 1 of African diaspora research. Michigan State University Press. Jan Coen, who had been sent to establish a Dutch base on the China coast, wrote about the slaves who served the Portuguese so faithfully: A year later, Captain Coen was still harping on the same theme: Fidalgos in the Far East — 2nd, illustrated, reprint ed.
The enemy, it was reported, 'had lost many more men than we, albeit mostly slaves. Our people saw very few Portuguese'. A year later he was still harping on the same theme. The Defences of Macau: Sovereignty at the Edge: Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 18 January Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 20 March Archived from the original on 5 January Archived from the original on 8 November Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 21 May The Legislative Assembly of Macau.
Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original on 9 January Xinhua People's Daily Online.
Archived from the original on 22 May Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 18 September Stop the National Security Bill now". Archived from the original on 30 April Archived from the original on 8 May Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 8 September Closed system prepaid cards are almost not regulated by any laws. No special licenses are required to be obtain by merchants who issue such kind of cards. In addition, no refunds for lost or stolen cards are provided by merchants.
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