Join over one million monthly readers and receive breaking news, strategies, ideas and commentary. Once players stand, the dealer will show his hole card, which is the card that was facing down. Another popular play that could double your potential winnings—and losses—on a particular hand is the double down. Not only did it fully match, and in some areas surpass, the power and flexibility of our custom simulators, but it made the whole process of evaluating and comparing different games and strategies intuitive, simple, and a downright pleasure to use. Rock Wheels Drive around the city to collect all the members of the rock band before the show. Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world. You can start any time during the shuffle.
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During the Moro Rebellion, the Americans suffered losses amounting to killed and wounded. Another or so died of disease. The Philippine Constabulary suffered heavily as well with more than 1, losses sustained of which half were fatalities. On the Moro side, casualties were high as surrender was uncommon when Moros were engaged in combat. Aftermath of the First Battle of Bud Dajo. In the Moro Rebellion, Moro Muslim Juramentados in suicide attacks continued to charge against American soldiers even after being shot.
Panglima Hassan in the Hassan uprising was shot dozens of times before he went down. As a result, Americans elected to phase out revolvers with. Suicide attacks became more popular among Moros due to the overwhelming firepower of the Americans in conventional battles. The Moros used barongs to inflict injuries upon American soldiers. Novels have been written about Juramentados deliberately impaling themselves on their bayonets in order to reach and kill American soldiers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Moro—American conflict. For the earlier conflict, see Spanish—Moro conflict. For the present-day conflict, see Islamic insurgency in the Philippines. Part of a series on the. Colonial period — Post-colonial period — This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. The History and Politics of Counterinsurgency. University Press of Kentucky. Arnold 26 July Committee on Invalid Pensions The History of Uncle Sam and the Moros General Leonard Wood and the U. Army in the Southern Philippines, — Doctoral Dissertations. Retrieved 11 August Mindanao and Sulu in ". Swish of the Kris. Archived from the original on A Muslim Case for Liberty.
The Politicization of Islam: Between Integration and Secession: The Journal of International Relations. Academy of Political Science. Retrieved 26 June Perang di Jalan Allah: Wanted Dead or Alive: Manhunts from Geronimo to Bin Laden. The United States Marines: Colorado's Volunteer Infantry in the Philippine Wars, — University of New Mexico Press.
MSC Institute of Technology. The Formation of the Moro Province". American Songs of War and Love, Beede 21 August The War of and U. By the end of the operation the estimated Muslims in Bud Daju were wiped out. Pershing 25 June My Life before the World War, These are merely estimates, because no firm number of Moro dead was ever established. Honor for the Flag: Voices of a People's History of the United States. Arnold; Roberta Wiener 12 November Military Conflicts through Primary Sources [4 volumes].
America Through the Eyes of Its People: Primary Sources in American History. In time of hesitation: American anti-imperialists and the Philippine-American War. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. A pen warmed-up in hell: Mark Twain in protest. Mark Twain and the three R's: The Writings of Mark Twain.
As the pig was an unclean animal, this was considered unspeakable defilement. A compilation of the diary of Rear Admiral D. Retrieved 25 April If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit.
After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace, or "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.
The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders. If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win. If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower. If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties. In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out at 1: Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than 3: Blackjack games almost always provide a side bet called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.
Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available. After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.
The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat. The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.
In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence. Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard On reaching 21 including soft 21 , the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.
After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.
When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in counterclockwise order: If the dealer's upcard is an ace, the player is offered the option of taking "insurance" before the dealer checks the hole card.
Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager. The idea is that the dealer's second card has a fairly high probability nearly one-third to be ten-valued, giving the dealer blackjack and disappointment for the player.
It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet.
The player may add up to half the value of their original bet to the insurance and these extra chips are placed on a portion of the table usually marked "Insurance pays 2 to 1". Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they commit themselves to winning an amount exactly equal to their main wager, regardless of the dealer's outcome. Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money", and paid out immediately, before the dealer's hand is resolved; the players do not need to place more chips for the insurance wager.
Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have blackjack less than one-third of the time. However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variation , they might choose to pay for this. Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play.
It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a chance of one in three of being a ten. Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations. In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there are just 2 player hands exposed, and neither of their two initial cards is a ten, then 16 in 47 of the remaining cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a good bet.
This is an elementary example of the family of advantage play techniques known as card counting. Bets to insure against blackjack are slightly less likely to be advantageous than insurance bets in general, since the ten in the player's blackjack makes it less likely that the dealer has blackjack too.
The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino. The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request.
Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game. The advantage of the dealer's position in blackjack relative to the player comes from the fact that if the player busts, the player loses, regardless of whether the dealer subsequently busts.
The loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through ignorance is generally expected to be greater. Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.
This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game. Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. Most medium-strength hands should be surrendered against a dealer Ace if the hole card has not been checked.
For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.
With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of A's against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split. In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.
The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.
Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which is playing a hand of any total value against any dealer's up-card, which loses the least money to the house in the long term. An example of basic strategy is shown in the table below, and includes the following parameters: The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations. For example, if the above game used the hit on soft 17 rule, common in Las Vegas Strip casinos, only 6 cells of the table would need to be changed: A, surrender 15 or 17 vs.
A, double on A,7 vs. Also when playing basic strategy never take insurance or "even money. Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size. Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary matchplay vouchers or 2: Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card.
Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total. For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2. The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.
Bilingualism is a mistake. It gives politicians another route to scoot out of annoying questions. Look at Canadas Trudeau two when asked a question in English about his own pay to play scheme. He answered in French. There is a reason for all those doe eyed looks up north.
But it gets lost in translation. They exploit race, ethnicity and language to do this. The last thing they want is for a black guy who speaks Spanish to be able to communicate with a white guy who speaks English.
Trudeau is the worst example of this sort of politician. Kissing Muslims, refusing to answer in English, banging on about French rights — a people fairly defeated on the battlefield according to the rules of war, as in, shut the f up about being French.
I think it is about time a President stopped kissing ethnic pooty and start kicking it. The government has wasted vast sums trying to placate angry Muslims and Mexicans ducking under labor laws. To recap, Canada spends vast sums on accommodating the French language: On top of this, their province has not been the source of prosperity in Canada for decades. It is heavily dependent on welfare and is considered the most corrupt place in the country.
Instead, it has mostly been migrants from Asia who have brought dynamism to Canada. English is the common lingua franca that links everyone. For that reason, it should be the only official language. Now get rid of the telephone selections. He was sent a tutor a few times a week, bingo he spoke English without any accent. This was back in the s. My father spoke to his mother, born in Italy in English as she learned the language and rudimentary read English too.
My mother born in the USA from Polish immigrant parents could read, write and speak Polish and of course English without accent. It feels great that we have a President with some back bone. I am concerned about the environment with all the changes Trump is making. The liberal tears will pollute the rivers and cause the sea level to rise. Under legal immigration learning the language is a general requirement.
By circumventing the law Obama has created large immigrant population pockets that become isolated within America by culture and language barriers. Isolated people fit perfectly into the Democrat mold that makes the entitlement world slaves to the democrats. These ilegal immigrants can now be lined up to receive government assistance, and an entire bureaucracy can be built around supporting these people, who will invariable fail at becoming part of American society. Obama, Hillary and the progressive plan requires Americans to be divided in order to enslave them.
If he company does not have a certain percentage of their specific demographic group as employees they cannot qualify for govt. As long as that border is, it will be nearly impossible to find tunnels. When you pass a law, you have to enforce it. Make the area just north of the wall an Air Force live fire bombing range and let them practice once a month or so.
That should keep the assholes from tunneling under. I also read today that as Obama was leaving the Whitehouse President Trumps people were removing all of the Muslim prayer rugs and anything else that pertained to any religion other than Christianity. I love Donald Trump! El nuevo sitio web de whitehouse. Hey whities, this is just a small bump in the road to a multi-lingual society. Soon white folk is gonna be the minorities, and many third world languages will make english a second or third language.
Trump is going to serve his class of billionaires, the trump bubble will burst, and working class white folk will be left holding thebag. A few of my tax dollars going to provide free birth control helps keep the blacks and other minority populations in check.
Despite Planned Parenthood, minorities are out producing whities when it comes to children. White folk would rather have Harleys and granite kitchen counters than children. Us labor, uh, if Hillary had won, what you said had a better chance of becoming true. But Trump won, so forget it. Foreigners have been put on notice.
Stop your BS if you want to stay here. I would like to see Latin become the required language for all students. It opens the door to a carreer in Law or Medicine. Latin is the basis of all Romance Languages including Spanish. Our children need phonics in the early years. Dictionary skills are the basis for reading comprehension.
Every student needs a dictionary. Martial Arts is not European, but it teaches discipline and restraint with strength and bravery at the same time. The kids will get into physical as well as psychological condition. Other Countries do this and have more civility and mutual respect. Throw in some boxing just to Americanize the experience.
This will work well to balance out ballet instruction. Believe it or not these sports and dance are compatible. They all teach discipline, condition the mind and body. I boxed and fenced two years in college, both are fine sports and much better than too much exposure to team sports, or none at all. You learn that YOU can personally do something, all by yourself.
Those smokers down at the Legion and VFW halls, though, for the price of a couple of textbooks, now, that was fun. Yes it irritates me that we have to accodomate the Spanish speaking folks. And On the face of it it appears a great thing to demand everyone speak English.
But theres a catch. So creating a national language starts us down a slippery slope. Back in the early ,s Native American children where forcibly taken from their parents and shipped hundreds of miles away to attend School? If they spoke their native language or practiced their native religion they where severely punished. So we allow Trump to create a national Language. Ant its ok at this time because its the politically correct thing at this time.
Then we get a different president and using the Democratic Mob Rule politically correct precident he decides to dictate a different language or a different religion. What we are supposed to have is a Republic where the god given rights of the few out weigh the wishes and wants of the many. Even if the few is just one person and the many is everyone else. This country has been based on the English language since the constitution was written.
I have no problem with someone seeking their own language, but do not come here and expect us to support your language. Excellent, I am so happy that my joy and delight know no bounds! However I was promised deportations in mass, I am waiting! The one good thing the British did was take a nation that spoke hundreds of dialects and make English the required language of schools and business. The British brought the nation of India together and gave them one language that let anyone that grew up anywhere to not only communicate with each other, but also the rest of the world.
Between the British empire and the rise of America, India had an inside track because the entire nation knew English. When the Internet exploded onto the scene and India began to join the tech world, their knowledge of English made it possible.