These additional judges shall possess the qualifications otherwise required by law for judges of the Superior Court and shall be initially appointed as provided in this section. General supervisory and administrative authority. Unless otherwise noted, the remaining provisions of Chapter 13 were added December 30, , P. Confidential communications to attorney. Damages in actions on thefts of leased property. Sentence of community service. Section is referred to in sections , of Title 2 Administrative Law and Procedure ; section
Disposition of dependent child. Authority of court upon petition to remove child from foster parent. Disposition of delinquent child. Limitation on and change in place of commitment.
Transfer to criminal proceedings. Disposition of mentally ill or mentally retarded child. Rights and duties of legal custodian. Dispositions Affecting Other Jurisdictions. Disposition of nonresident child. Disposition of resident child received from another state.
Supervision under foreign order. Powers of foreign probation officers. Juvenile Court Judges' Commission. Power to make grants. Duration of inpatient commitment and review.
Transfer to involuntary outpatient treatment. Duration of outpatient commitment and review. Duty of Department of Public Welfare. Immunity for good faith conduct. Writ not to be suspended. Power to issue writ. Right to apply for writ.
Interference with writ prohibited. Types of prospective relief. Termination or modification of prospective relief. Time limits on settlements. Payment of damage award or settlement. Protection From Abuse Repealed. Recordings by Law Enforcement Officers. Requests for law enforcement audio recordings or video recordings. Petition for judicial review. Audio recording or video recording policies. Controlled substances forfeiture Repealed. Procedure with respect to seized property subject to liens and rights of lienholders Repealed.
Particular Rights and Immunities. Required disclosures in connection with rental-purchase agreement. Prohibited provisions of agreement. Lessee's right to acquire ownership. Lessee's right to reinstate agreement after termination. Advertising and display of property. Lessor's liability for noncompliance. Limitations on lessor's liability. Conflict with other law. Ignition Interlock Devices Repealed. Settlements and other agreements with hospitalized persons. Interpreters for the deaf Deleted by amendment.
Validity of agreement to arbitrate. Court proceedings to compel or stay arbitration. Appointment of arbitrators by court. Witnesses, subpoenas, oaths and depositions. Change of award by arbitrators. Fees and expenses of arbitration. Confirmation of award by court. Vacating award by court. Modification or correction of award by court. Judgment or decree on award.
Form and service of applications to court. Venue of court proceedings. Appeals from court orders. Effect of agreement to arbitrate; nonwaivable provisions. Application for judicial relief.
Motion to compel or stay arbitration. Consolidation of separate arbitration proceedings. Appointment of arbitrator; service as a neutral arbitrator. Immunity of arbitrator; competency to testify; attorney fees and costs. Witnesses; subpoenas; depositions; discovery. Judicial enforcement of preaward ruling by arbitrator. Change of award by arbitrator. Remedies; fees and expenses of arbitration proceeding. Modification or correction of award. Judgment on award; attorney fees and litigation expenses.
Voluntary arbitration of pending judicial matters. Short title and scope of chapter. Beginning the collaborative law process. Collaborative law participation agreement. Concluding the collaborative law process. Disqualification of collaborative attorney. Attachment of property prior to judgment. Duties of the Department of State.
Duties of the Governor. General scope of declaratory remedy. Before breach of contract. Rights of fiduciaries and other persons. Enforcement of taxes imposed by other states. Procedures, motions and other matters. Commencement and termination of trial. Judgments and Other Liens. Contribution among joint judgment debtors. Duty of judgment creditor to enter satisfaction. Exemption of particular property. Tangible personal property exhibited at international exhibitions.
Common carriers not liable. Personal earnings exempt from process. Transfer of claim to avoid policy of Commonwealth. Time from which liens have priority. Mortgages to secure certain advances. Notice to Department of Revenue of judicial sale of property. Judicial sale as affecting lien of mortgage. Action for performance of a duty required by law.
Damages in actions on bad checks. Actions for wrongful birth and wrongful life. Defense against claim for injury sustained in utero barred. Action by parent, guardian or other custodian for damages in the sale or transfer of controlled substances to a child.
Damages in actions on retail theft. Damages in actions on thefts of leased property. Damages in actions for conversion of timber. Profits received as a result of commission of crime.
Assault with biological agent on animal, fowl or honey bees. Damages in actions for identity theft. Unauthorized use of name or likeness. Damages in actions for unlawful dissemination of intimate image. Actions involving products or services used to invade privacy.
Commemorative service demonstration action. Effect of release as to other tort-feasors. Liability to make contribution as affected by release. Medical good Samaritan civil immunity. Veterinary good Samaritan civil immunity. Good Samaritan civil immunity for use of automated external defibrillator. Criminal victim aid good Samaritan civil immunity. Emergency response provider and bystander good Samaritan civil immunity. Manager, coach, umpire or referee and nonprofit association negligence standard.
Officer, director or trustee of nonprofit organization negligence standard. Volunteer firefighter civil immunity.
Antidrug and town-watch volunteer civil immunity. Immunity of State parole officers. Immunity of county probation officers. Body fluid and tissue limited civil immunity. Civil immunity in mass immunization projects. Damages for conversion of property of fluctuating value.
Civil immunity for assistance upon request in incidents involving the transportation of hazardous substances. Civil immunity of school officers or employees relating to drug or alcohol abuse. Civil immunity of school officers or employees relating to emergency care, first aid and rescue. Liability for damages from donated food and grocery products.
Liability for damages from donated vehicles or equipment to volunteer fire companies. Immunity of program administrators and supervisors. Employer immunity from liability for disclosure of information regarding former or current employees. Civil immunity for use of force. Malice or negligence necessary to support award of damages. No liability when without power of censorship. Wrongful Use of Civil Proceedings. Wrongful use of civil proceedings. Existence of probable cause.
Certification of pleadings, motions and other papers. Corporate Directors' Liability Repealed. Successor Business Entity Liability. Adjustment of fair market value. Actions on insurance policies. Service of original process.
Violation of injunctions or abatement order. Matters Affecting Government Units. Actions Against Commonwealth Parties. Exceptions to sovereign immunity. Counterclaim by the Commonwealth. Indemnity relating to inmate health care. Actions Against Local Parties. Exceptions to governmental immunity. Defense of official immunity. Judgment as a bar. Judgments against insured local agency. Judgments against self-insured local agency and those not fully insured.
General powers of local agencies. Liability insurance and self-insurance. Impaneling jury from another county. Availability of Otherwise Confidential Information. Petition for access to confidential information. Disclosure of confidential information. Penalties for improper disclosure. Intrastate hot pursuit Repealed.
Authority of officers of another state to arrest in this Commonwealth. Nolle prosequi or settlement. Dismissal of criminal cases. Primary municipal police jurisdiction. Statewide municipal police jurisdiction. Nonmunicipal police extraterritorial jurisdiction.
Agents of the Office of Attorney General. Noncompliance with mandatory certification requirements. Second and subsequent offenses. Duty of warden or other official. Administrator and information agent. Extradition of Persons Charged with Crime. Duty of Governor with respect to fugitives from justice. Governor may investigate case. Extradition of persons imprisoned or awaiting trial in another state or who have left the demanding state under compulsion.
Extradition of persons not present in demanding state at time of commission of crime. Issue by Governor of warrant of arrest. Manner and place of execution. Authority of arresting officer. Rights of accused person. Arrest prior to requisition.
Arrest without a warrant. Commitment to await requisition. Extension of time of commitment. Persons under criminal prosecution in this Commonwealth at time of requisition.
Inquiry into guilt or innocence of accused. Governor may recall warrant or issue another. Duty of Governor in case of fugitives from this Commonwealth. Payment of expenses, costs and fees. Immunity from service of process in certain civil actions.
Written waiver of extradition proceedings. Presigned waiver of extradition. Liability to further criminal prosecutions. Payment of costs and expenses. Exchange of Offenders Under Treaty. Exchange of offenders under treaty. Liability for violations of general and specific criminal statutes.
Previous litigation and waiver. Amendment and withdrawal of petition Repealed. Answer to petition Repealed. Hearing on petition Repealed. Order of court and final disposition of petition Repealed. Report by District Attorney. Report by district attorney. Unitary Review in Death Penalty Cases. Time for petition; contents of petition. Disposition without evidentiary hearing.
Sentencing procedure for murder of the first degree. Sentencing for certain murders of infant persons. Sentences for offenses committed with firearms. Sentences for certain drug offenses committed with firearms. Sentences for offenses committed on public transportation. Sentences for second and subsequent offenses.
Life imprisonment for homicide. Two or more mandatory minimum sentences applicable. Sentences for offenses against elderly persons. Sentences for offenses against infant persons. Sentences for sexual offenders. Sentence for failure to comply with registration of sexual offenders Expired.
Sentence for failure to comply with registration of sexual offenders. Mandatory period of probation for certain sexual offenders. Sentences for offenses committed while impersonating a law enforcement officer. Sentences for offenses committed against law enforcement officer. Sentencing for criminal mischief. Restitution for identity theft Repealed.
Sentencing for trafficking of persons. Sentencing for certain paroled offenders. Sentencing for offenses committed in association with a criminal gang. Sentencing for offenses involving sexual abuse of children. Sentencing for arson offenses. Determination of guilt without further penalty. Disposition of persons found guilty but mentally ill.
Collection of restitution, reparation, fees, costs, fines and penalties. Payment of court costs, restitution and fines. Collection of court costs, restitution and fines by private collection agency. Sentence of community service. Informational Basis of Sentence. Requirement for presentence investigation and report. Contents of presentence report. General principles of disclosure of presentence report. Disclosure of presentence report to the parties. Objections to contents of presentence report.
Report of psychiatric evaluation. Report of outstanding charges and sentences. Sentence of partial confinement. Temporary release from county correctional institution. Sentence of total confinement. Consecutive sentences of total confinement for multiple offenses. Credit for time served. Computation and order of service of sentences. Sentencing proceeding; place of confinement. Sentence of county intermediate punishment. Information required upon commitment and subsequent disposition. Modification or revocation of order of probation.
Court-imposed sanctions for offenders violating probation. Failure to pay fine. Modification or revocation of county intermediate punishment sentence. Revocation of State intermediate punishment sentence. Parole without board supervision.
Judicial power to release inmates. Transfer of inmates in need of medical treatment. Appellate Review of Sentence. Appellate review of sentence. Registration of Sexual Offenders. Legislative findings and declaration of policy Expired.
Registration of certain offenders for ten years Deleted by amendment. Designation of sexually violent predators Deleted by amendment. Registration of offenders Deleted by amendment.
Registration procedures and applicability Expired. Sentencing court information Expired. Exemption from certain notifications Expired. Verification of residence Expired. Information made available on the Internet and electronic notification Expired. Global positioning system technology Expired. Immunity for good faith conduct Expired. Duties of Pennsylvania State Police Expired. Counseling of sexually violent predators Expired. Exemption from notification Deleted by amendment.
Applicability Deleted by amendment. Exemption from notification for certain licensees and their employees Expired. Annual performance audit Expired. Photographs and fingerprinting Expired. Legislative findings, declaration of policy and scope. Sexual offenses and tier system. Termination of period of registration for juvenile offenders. Court notification and classification requirements. Verification by sexual offenders and Pennsylvania State Police. Global positioning system technology.
Duties of probation and parole officials. Duties of facilities housing sexual offenders. Counseling of sexually violent predators. Exemption from notification for certain licensees and their employees. Duties of Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing.
Standing for Pennsylvania State Police. Continued Registration of Sexual Offenders. Legislative findings and declaration of policy. Registration procedures and applicability. Exemption from certain notifications. Information made available on Internet and electronic notification.
Duties of Pennsylvania State Police. Duties of Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. County intermediate punishment programs. County intermediate punishment plan. Nonapplication of certain provisions. Work release or other court order and purposes. Supervisory relationship to offenders. Peace officer power for probation officers. Selection, Retention and Removal of Judicial Officers. Administration of Justice Generally.
Actions, Proceedings and Other Matters Generally. Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of Title 42 were added July 9, , P. Act also amended certain part headings and repealed former Chapter 83 which were added November 15, , P. Special Provisions in Appendix. See Act of , Act 53 of and other statutory provisions in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to pending proceedings, periods of limitation, existing judicial officers and bodies and financial matters, etc.
Short Title of Implementing Statutes. Section 28 of Act of provided that Act shall be known and may be cited as the Judiciary Act of Part I was added July 9, , P. Chapter 1 was added July 9, , P. This title shall be known and may be cited as the "Judicial Code. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this title which are applicable to specific provisions of this title, the following words and phrases when used in this title shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.
The term includes the clerks or prothonotaries of the Supreme Court, the Superior Court and the Commonwealth Court and their staffs. The term includes an application for certiorari under section relating to writs of certiorari or under any other provision of law. Where required by the context, the term includes proceedings on petition for review.
The term includes the Clerk of Quarter Sessions of Philadelphia. The term does not include judicial officers. Fraudulent traffic in food orders. Unauthorized disposition of donated food commodities. Accessories in conduct of bucket-shop. Maintaining of premises in which bucket-shop operated. Attaching advertisement without consent of publisher.
Demanding property to secure employment. Discrimination on account of uniform. Unlawful sale of dissertations, theses and term papers. Discrimination on account of guide, signal or service dog or other aid animal. Disclosure of confidential tax information. Storage, consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages on unlicensed business premises. Operation of certain establishments prohibited without local option. Prohibition of certain types of entertainment on bottle club premises. Internet child pornography Repealed.
Unlicensed mortgage loan business. Worldly employment or business. Trading in motor vehicles and trailers Repealed. Selling certain personal property. Selling or otherwise dealing in fresh meats, produce and groceries. Trading in motor vehicles and trailers. Removal of mobile home to evade tax. Failure of mobile home court operator to make reports.
Interest of certain architects and engineers in public work contracts. Appointment of special policemen. Violation of governmental rules regarding traffic. Violation of rules regarding conduct on Commonwealth property. Breach of privacy by using a psychological-stress evaluator, an audio-stress monitor or a similar device without consent. Drug trafficking sentencing and penalties.
Operation of methamphetamine laboratory. Municipal housing code avoidance Repealed. Control of alarm devices and automatic dialing devices. Criminal use of communication facility. Restriction on alcoholic beverages Repealed.
Operating a motor vehicle not equipped with ignition interlock Repealed. Greyhound racing and simulcasting. Commemorative service demonstration activities. Hacking and Similar Offenses. Unlawful use of computer and other computer crimes. Distribution of computer virus. Duty of Internet service provider. Application for order to remove or disable items. Order to remove or disable certain items from Internet service provider's service.
Report to General Assembly. Unlawful Use of Computers. Computer-assisted remote harvesting of animals. Unlawful transmission of electronic mail. Owning, operating or conducting a chop shop. Alteration or destruction of vehicle identification number. Disposition of vehicle or vehicle part with altered vehicle identification number. Loss of property rights to Commonwealth. Procedure with respect to seized property subject to liens and rights of lienholders Repealed.
Criminal History Record Information. Other criminal justice information. Information in central repository or automated systems. Duties of criminal justice agencies. Disposition reporting by criminal justice agencies. Correction of inaccurate information. Dissemination of Criminal History Record Information. Petition for limited access. Clean slate limited access. Order to vacate order for limited access. Effects of expunged records and records subject to limited access.
Employer immunity from liability. Use of records by licensing agencies. Use of records for employment. Security requirements for repositories. Individual Right of Access and Review. Right to access and review. Individual rights on access and review. Responsibility of Attorney General.
Duties of the Attorney General. Requirements of repositories relating to public notice. Criminal penalties Deleted by amendment. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel Repealed. Office of Victim Advocate. Conduct of preliminary investigation. Determination that further investigation not warranted. Determination that further investigation is warranted. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel. Compensation and travel expenses.
Assistance of Pennsylvania State Police. Referral of other matters to independent counsel. Reports by independent counsel. Independence from office of Attorney General. Custody of records of independent counsel. Cost controls and administrative support. Removal of independent counsel and termination of office. Relationship with office of Attorney General. Definition of Specific Offenses. Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of Title 18 were added December 6, , P.
Special Provisions in Appendix. See sections 2, 3 and 4 of Act of in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to offenses committed prior to the effective date of this title, severability and applicability of Statutory Construction Act. Part I was added December 6, , P. Chapter 1 was added December 6, , P.
This title shall be known and may be cited as the "Crimes Code. Act 44 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this title which are applicable to specific provisions of this part, the following words and phrases when used in this title shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.
Act amended the defs. Act 66 added the def. Act 53 amended the intro. The act of June 18, P. The general purposes of this title are:. The provisions of this title shall be construed according to the fair import of their terms but when the language is susceptible of differing constructions it shall be interpreted to further the general purposes stated in this title and the special purposes of the particular provision involved.
The discretionary powers conferred by this title shall be exercised in accordance with the criteria stated in this title and, in so far as such criteria are not decisive, to further the general purposes stated in this title.
The classes of crime are:. A crime is first degree murder of an unborn child, second degree murder of an unborn child or third degree murder of an unborn child if it is so designated in this title or if a person convicted of criminal homicide of an unborn child may be sentenced in accordance with the provisions of section Act 44 amended subsecs. Section is referred to in sections , , , of this title; sections Act repealed Act 38 of , which amended subsec.
Act added present section and repealed former section , which related to the same subject matter, effective 60 days from the date of final enactment of the act of April 28, P. When a prosecution is for a violation of the same provision of the statutes and is based upon the same facts as a former prosecution, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:.
There is an acquittal if the prosecution resulted in a finding of not guilty by the trier of fact or in a determination that there was insufficient evidence to warrant a conviction.
A finding of guilty of a lesser included offense is an acquittal of the greater inclusive offense, although the conviction is subsequently set aside. There is a conviction if the prosecution resulted in a judgment of conviction which has not been reversed or vacated, a verdict of guilty which has not been set aside and which is capable of supporting a judgment, or a plea of guilty accepted by the court.
In the latter two cases failure to enter judgment must be for a reason other than a motion of the defendant.
Section is referred to in sections , , of this title. Although a prosecution is for a violation of a different provision of the statutes than a former prosecution or is based on different facts, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:. June 28, , P. Act 82 amended par. Section is referred to in section of this title. When conduct constitutes an offense within the concurrent jurisdiction of this Commonwealth and of the United States or another state, a prosecution in any such other jurisdiction is a bar to a subsequent prosecution in this Commonwealth under the following circumstances:.
A prosecution is not a bar within the meaning of section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution for the same offense through section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution in another jurisdiction under any of the following circumstances:.
Chapter 3 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 3 is referred to in section of this title. The risk must be of such a nature and degree that, considering the nature and intent of the actor's conduct and the circumstances known to him, its disregard involves a gross deviation from the standard of conduct that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation.
The risk must be of such a nature and degree that the actor's failure to perceive it, considering the nature and intent of his conduct and the circumstances known to him, involves a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation. When acting knowingly suffices to establish an element, such element also is established if a person acts intentionally.
Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations. Ignorance or mistake as to a matter of fact, for which there is reasonable explanation or excuse, is a defense if:. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. This subsection shall not apply if it is plainly inconsistent with the legislative purpose in defining the particular offense.
Neither voluntary intoxication nor voluntary drugged condition is a defense to a criminal charge, nor may evidence of such conditions be introduced to negative the element of intent of the offense, except that evidence of such intoxication or drugged condition of the defendant may be offered by the defendant whenever it is relevant to reduce murder from a higher degree to a lower degree of murder.
The defense is also unavailable if he was negligent in placing himself in such a situation, whenever negligence suffices to establish culpability for the offense charged. Section is referred to in section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. It is a defense that the actor, in engaging in the conduct charged to constitute an offense, does no more than execute an order of his superior in the armed services which he does not know and cannot reasonably be expected to know to be unlawful.
Act 24 amended subsec. June 22, , P. Act 73 amended subsec. No plea of guilty but mentally ill may be accepted by the trial judge until he has examined all reports prepared pursuant to the Rules of Criminal Procedure, has held a hearing on the sole issue of the defendant's mental illness at which either party may present evidence and is satisfied that the defendant was mentally ill at the time of the offense to which the plea is entered. If the trial judge refuses to accept a plea of guilty but mentally ill, the defendant shall be permitted to withdraw his plea.
A defendant whose plea is not accepted by the court shall be entitled to a jury trial, except that if a defendant subsequently waives his right to a jury trial, the judge who presided at the hearing on mental illness shall not preside at the trial. Act added section Section 4 of Act provided that Act shall apply to all indictments or informations filed on or after the effective date of Act Chapter 5 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 5 is referred to in sections , Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this chapter which are applicable to specific provisions of this chapter, the following words and phrases, when used in this chapter shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.
The term "peace officer" shall also include any member of any park police department of any county of the third class. Assent constitutes consent, within the meaning of this section, whether or not it otherwise is legally effective, except assent to the infliction of death or serious bodily injury.
July 6, , P. See the preamble to Act 10 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative findings. Section is referred to in sections , In any prosecution based on conduct which is justifiable under this chapter, justification is a defense. Act 10 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Section is referred to in section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Act amended subsec.
Section is referred to in section of this title; section He is justified in the use of any force which he believes to be necessary to effect the arrest and of any force which he believes to be necessary to defend himself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest. However, he is justified in using deadly force only when he believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or such other person, or when he believes both that:.
However, the officer is justified in using deadly force only when the officer believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or another or when the officer believes that:.
July 17, , P. Act 41 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section The use of force upon or toward the person of another is justifiable if:. Conduct involving the appropriation, seizure or destruction of, damage to, intrusion on or interference with property is justifiable under circumstances which would establish a defense of privilege in a civil action based thereon, unless:. Chapter 7 Reserved was added December 6, , P.
Chapter 9 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 9 is referred to in section of this title. Section is referred to in section of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.
Act 53 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. A person may not be convicted of more than one of the inchoate crimes of criminal attempt, criminal solicitation or criminal conspiracy for conduct designed to commit or to culminate in the commission of the same crime.
The term includes a firearm which is not loaded or lacks a clip or other component to render it immediately operable, and components which can readily be assembled into a weapon. Act 98 overlooked the amendment by Act 27 of , but the amendments do not conflict in substance and have both been given effect in setting forth the text of section Also exempt from this section are forensic firearms experts or forensic firearms laboratories operating in the ordinary course of business and engaged in lawful operation who notify in writing, on an annual basis, the chief or head of any police force or police department of a city, and, elsewhere, the sheriff of a county in which they are located, of the possession, type and use of offensive weapons.
Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports. Otherwise any offense under this section is graded as a misdemeanor of the first degree.
The term does not include cattle prods, electric fences or other electric devices when used in agricultural, animal husbandry or food production activities. The forfeiture shall be conducted in accordance with 42 Pa.
It shall be no defense to a violation of subsection a that some of the acts constituting the offense occurred outside of this Commonwealth. In determining the violator's profits, the complaining party shall be required to prove only the violator's gross revenue, and the violator shall be required to prove his deductible expenses and the elements of profit attributable to factors other than the violation.
In addition to the examples listed in section , the term includes, but is not limited to, any device, technology, product, service, equipment, computer software or component or part thereof, primarily distributed, sold, designed, assembled, manufactured, modified, programmed, reprogrammed or used for the purpose of providing unauthorized disruption of, decryption of, access to or acquisition of any telecommunication service provided by any cable television, satellite, telephone, wireless, microwave or radio distribution system or facility.
July 20, , P. Act 13 amended subsec. Act reenacted section Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Provided, further, That if, in any proceeding involving an alleged investment in violation of this subsection, it is established that over half of the defendant's aggregate income for a period of two or more years immediately preceding such investment was derived from a pattern of racketeering activity, a rebuttable presumption shall arise that such investment included income derived from such pattern of racketeering activity.
A violation of this subsection shall be deemed to continue so long as the person who committed the violation continues to receive any benefit from the violation. Pending final determination, the court may enter preliminary or special injunctions, or take such other actions, including the acceptance of satisfactory performance bonds, as it may deem proper.
In the case of service by registered or certified mail, such return shall be accompanied by the return post office receipt of delivery of such demand. Such party may upon agreement of the investigator substitute copies of all or any part of such material for the originals thereof.
The investigator may cause the preparation of such copies of such documentary material as may be required for official use. While in the possession of the investigator, no material so produced shall be available for examination, without the consent of the party who produced such material, by any individual other than the Attorney General or any racketeering investigator.
Under such reasonable terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall prescribe, documentary material while in the possession of the investigator shall be available for examination by the party who produced such material or any duly authorized representatives of such party. The time allowed for compliance with the demand in whole or in part as deemed proper and ordered by the court shall not run during the pendency of such petition in the court.
Such petition shall specify each ground upon which the petitioner relies in seeking such relief, and may be based upon any failure of such demand to comply with the provisions of this subsection or upon any constitutional or other legal right or privilege of such party. Chapter 25 relating to criminal homicide. Section relating to terroristic threats.
Chapter 29 relating to kidnapping. Chapter 30 relating to human trafficking. Chapter 33 relating to arson, criminal mischief and other property destruction.
Chapter 37 relating to robbery. Chapter 39 relating to theft and related offenses. Section relating to commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly. Section relating to rigging publicly exhibited contest. Section relating to insurance fraud. Chapter 47 relating to bribery and corrupt influence. Chapter 49 relating to falsification and intimidation.
Section relating to dealing in proceeds of unlawful activities. Section relating to lotteries, etc. Section relating to gambling devices, gambling, etc. Section relating to pool selling and bookmaking. Chapter 59 relating to public indecency. II relating to gaming. An act which otherwise would be considered racketeering activity by reason of the application of this paragraph, shall not be excluded from its application solely because the operative acts took place outside the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth, if such acts would have been in violation of the law of the jurisdiction in which they occurred.
Act 55 amended subsec. Act 6 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Any individual checking a firearm, dangerous weapon or an item deemed to be a dangerous weapon at a court facility must be issued a receipt.
Notice of the location of the facility shall be posted as required under subsection d. The term does not include any device designed or used exclusively for the firing of stud cartridges, explosive rivets or similar industrial ammunition. June 13, , 1st Sp. Act 16 amended subsec. See section 29 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to construction of law.
Act 59 amended subsec. Act 17, 1st Sp. See the preamble to Act 17, 1st Sp. Chapter 11 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 11 is referred to in section of this title.
A person who has been convicted of an offense may be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding:. Act 5, 1st Sp. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 75 Vehicles. This paragraph shall not affect the determination of an aggravating circumstance under 42 Pa. Where serious bodily injury does not result, the person may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment which shall be fixed by the court at not more than 20 years.
Act amended subsecs. Act amended the section heading and subsecs. A victim impact statement may include comment on the sentence of the defendant. Sentencing guidelines promulgated by the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing may not supersede the mandatory minimum sentences provided under this section. The appellate court shall vacate the sentence and remand the case to the sentencing court for imposition of a sentence in accordance with this section if it finds that the sentence was imposed in violation of this section.
Except as provided in 42 Pa. A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor may be sentenced to imprisonment for a definite term which shall be fixed by the court and shall be not more than:. Section is referred to in section of Title 75 Vehicles.
Within seven days of a raffle, an organization shall notify the winning player verbally or, if the value of the prize exceeds two hundred dollars, in writing, of the prize and arrange the pickup or delivery of the prize. If a prize remains unclaimed by a winning player for thirty days following the date of the written notification and an organization has made a good-faith effort to contact the winner to redeem the prize, the organization may retain the prize, have a second prize drawing, or award it in another raffle or game.
An organization may award a bonus prize based on a separate drawing of previously drawn winning tickets. Unclaimed prize money on winning raffle lottery game tickets will be retained by the Secretary for payment to the persons entitled thereto for 1 year from the announced close of the raffle lottery game. If no claim is made within 1 year of the announced close of the raffle lottery game conducted by the State Lottery under this chapter, the right of a ticket holder to claim the prize represented by that ticket, if any, expires and the prize money will be paid into the State Lottery Fund and used for purposes otherwise provided for by statute.
Authorized types of games include raffles, reverse raffles, cakewalks, and cakewheels. Unauthorized games include bingo, pulltabs, punchboards, video lottery games, instant and on-line lottery games of a type operated by the Tennessee education Lottery Corporation, keno and games of chance associated with casinos including, but not limited to, slot machines, roulette wheels, and the like. Submit an application and all required attachments between July 1st and January 31st each year and they have a sliding scale that fees for application is payed in advance.
See the following article for more information: Wisconsin law proscribes that no salaries, fees or profits can be paid to any other organization or individual in connection with the operation of a raffle.
While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication relating to raffle laws, state information for raffles, electronic raffles, electronic raffle systems, and charitable gaming, it is not intended to provide legal advice. Please contact a lawyer. My apologies if any links are broken. I try to keep them current. View all posts by: Today i spent bucks for platinium roulette system , i hope that i will make my first money online. This website is not for promoting online gambling and it is strictly dedicated to charitable raffles, however good luck with that.
Colorado Charitable Raffles yes may be cited as the Bingo and Raffles Law Professional teams using electronic raffle systems: Connecticut allows raffles and there are number of different licences that can be held as below: Kinds of permits Permits under the provisions of sections to , inclusive, shall be of seven kinds. Delaware yes Del. Professional teams using electronic raffle systems: Illinois yes Ill.